Lung Disease – Causes and Protection

pneumonia845There are several factors that can cause lung disease. Smoking is a major cause of lung disease, if you smoke, talk with your doctor about ways they can help you to quit smoking. 

If you live with someone who smokes, try to get them to quit, or at least ask them to have enough respect to smoke outside.  Being around second hand smoke can be just as dangerous as smoking yourself, and remember that smoke include not only cigarettes, but cigars and pipes as well.

Types of lung diseases

smoking655825468Types of lung disease include: asthma, bronchitis and cystic fibrosis.  Each of these diseases effect the tubes that lead to the lungs, making it hard for a person to inhale enough oxygen.  Other diseases include Respiratory failure, pulmonary edema, pulmonary embolism, and pulmonary hypertension all of which effect the normal exchange of gases from the lungs to the blood.  Pneumonia and tuberculosis are viral infections of the membrane surrounding the lungs.  Stiffening of the lungs is another problem that is caused by drugs, poisons, infections or radiation.  Stiffening of the lungs is when the tissue surrounding the lungs becomes stiff, making it hard to receive oxygen.  Finally, there is lung cancer.  Lung cancer is rising, especially in young people and women.  The number one cause of lung cancer is smoking.

Causes of lung disease

radon_gas_warningExposure to radon gas can also increase your chances of developing lung disease. Radon is a gas that occurs in the soil and rocks, and can damage the lungs, leading to lung cancer. People who work in mines have a greater chance of being exposed to radon, and in some parts of the States., radon is found in homes. You can measure radon in your home with a kit you can buy at most hardware stores. Lung disease can also be caused by asbestos.  Asbestos are a  natural fiber that comes from minerals. The fibers break apart easily and can find their way into your lungs.

Once these fibers are in your lungs, they can stick and lead to lung cancer. Asbestos are found commonly in jobs like shipbuilding, asbestos mining, car repair and insulation work.  People who work in such jobs should wear protective clothing and face masks. Pollution can also cause lung disease. Research has shown a link between lung cancer and certain air pollutants, such as car exhaust. While there is not much you can do to protect your lungs from air pollution, you can help by trying not to litter and driving less or taking the bus.

 Common lung-disease symptoms

Common symptoms of lung disease include trouble breathing and shortness of breath or a feeling as if you cannot get enough air. Many people who have lung disease complain of a persistent cough that will not go away, coughing up blood, or having pain when inhaling or exhaling.  If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, see your doctor as soon as possible.

It is very important to protect your lungs from possibly harmful substances, so if you are working somewhere where you could eventually come in touch with hazardous products, try to cover your nose with a gauze for example, to prevent the toxic particles from entering your lungs. This is one of the basic prevention steps and you should look for all of them in order to protect yourself. If you smoke, try to quit smoking to save your health, or at least try to smoke less.